Helpful Driving Tips 2

Pedestrian Crossings

Pedestrian Crossings

Zebra crossing no one waiting When you see the crossing check the interior mirror. Look from left to right of the crossing on approach. Centralise the car between the zig-zag road markings. Maintain but be prepared to reduce speed. Continue to scan the crossing for any activity. Once you have driven through the crossing check interior mirror. If a person is waiting to cross When you see the crossing check the interior mirror. Reduce the speed smoothly but progressively in preparation to give way. If you are the lead car - and the window is open - give a slowing down arm signal. Centralise the car between the zig zag road markings. Stop at the give way line. Secure the car and select neutral. Never beckon or harass pedestrians when they are crossing. When the pedestrian has cleared the front of your car select 1st gear. Wait until the pedestrian is sufficiently clear of the front of the car before you release the handbrake. Avoiding hesitation, quickly check into the interior mirror, over both shoulders and ahead before releasing the handbrake. Proceed with caution and continue to look either side of the crossing. Once you have driven through the crossing check the interior mirror. Light controlled crossings When you see the crossing check the interior mirror. Look ahead and assess the situation around the crossing for road users who may have pushed the button. Be prepared for a steady amber light if on green on approach Reduce the speed smoothly but progressively in preparation to stop. Stop without overhanging the stop line, secure car and select neutral. Never beckon or harass pedestrians when they are crossing. When the pedestrian has cleared the front of the car select 1st gear. Avoiding hesitation, quickly check into the interior mirror, over both shoulders and ahead before releasing the handbrake. When the lights are in your favour you may only proceed if the crossing is clear. Proceed with caution and continue to look either side of the crossing. Once you have driven through the crossing check the interior mirror. Supporting Comments Anticipate people may cross at any time. On approach check interior mirror for proximity of following vehicles. This will influence your rate of deceleration Look all around before moving off, as pedestrians may cross from any angle. If your exit is not clear due to queuing traffic, remain where you are until clear.    

Major into Minor Junctions

Turning Left When you see the junction check into the interior mirror. Look and assess around the junction for any other road users and obstructions. Check interior mirror and left exterior mirror. Signal to warn or inform others. When safe to do so - adopt a position one metre from the kerb line. Reduce your speed to suit the conditions, smoothly but progressively. Select the appropriate gear to suit the closed or open junction. Ensure the clutch is engaged before turning the steering wheel to prevent coasting. Recheck the left exterior mirror whilst looking into the new road. Turn the wheel using the pull, push method. Once in the new road, check interior mirror and right exterior mirror before making progress. Turning Right. When you see the junction check into the interior mirror. Look and assess around the junction for any other road users and obstructions. Check the interior mirror and right exterior mirror. Signal to warn or inform others. Recheck right exterior mirror before adopting right turn position. Reduce the speed to suit the road conditions, smoothly but progressively. When safe to do so - adopt a position just left of the centre line with the bonnet in line with the centre of the road into which you intend to turn. Select the appropriate gear to suit the closed or open junction. Ensure the clutch is engaged before turning the steering wheel to prevent coasting. Recheck the right exterior mirror; look ahead and into the new road. Always give way to oncoming traffic. Turn the wheel using the pull, push method. Once in the new road, check the interior mirror and right exterior mirror before making progress. Supporting Comments If you have stop to give way to oncoming traffic Adopt the right turn position, select 1st gear and apply the handbrake. Keep the wheels pointed straight ahead. Look ahead for an appropriate gap to cross the path of the oncoming traffic. Remember – if you can walk across as pedestrian then you should be able to drive across.    

 T Junctions Emerging to Turn Left and Right

Turning Left or Right When you see the junction check into the interior mirror. Look and assess around the junction for any other road users and obstructions. Check the interior mirror and the appropriate exterior mirror. Signal to warn or inform others. Left turn -   When safe to do so - Adopt a position one metre from the kerb line. Right turn - When safe to do so - Adopt a position just left of the centre line Reduce the speed to suit the conditions, smoothly but progressively. Select the appropriate gear to suit the closed or open junction. If unsafe to proceed, stop at the line in 1st gear. Secure the car to make safe or if you anticipate a wait of more than 5 seconds. Carry out minimum observations Right, Left and Right again before you cross the give way / stop lines. Ensure the clutch is engaged before turning the steering wheel. Recheck the appropriate exterior mirror whilst you are looking into the new road. Turn the wheel using the pull, push method. Once in the new road, check the interior mirror and right exterior mirror before making progress. Supporting comments Waiting for a safe gap in traffic on main road. Remain in 1st gear and obtain the bite point in good time to take advantage of a gap to ensure you do not hesitate. Continue to look until you can see that it is safe to proceed. If your view is restricted then lean forward. If still unable to see then peep and creep to improve your zone of vision. Look into the far ground for an appropriate gap, not just at the first vehicle. At a Stop sign you Must stop before proceeding across the line.    

Crossroads

Turning Left, Right or following the road ahead When you see the junction check into the interior mirror. Look and assess around the junction for any other road users and obstructions. Check the interior mirror and the appropriate exterior mirror. When turning left or right signal to warn or inform others. When safe to do so Left turn -       Adopt a position one metre from the kerb line Right turn -    Adopt a position just left of the centre line (or in the right hand lane if in a one way street). Ahead -         Adopt the most suitable position to make the most progress Reduce the speed to suit the conditions, smoothly but progressively. Select the appropriate gear to suit the closed or open junction. If unsafe to proceed stop at the line in 1st gear, Secure the car to make safe or if you anticipate a wait of more than 5 seconds. Carry out the minimum observations Right, Ahead, Left at least twice before you cross the give way / stop lines. Ensure the clutch is engaged before turning the steering wheel. Recheck the appropriate exterior mirror whilst looking into the new road. Turn the wheel using the pull, push method. Once in the new road, check the interior mirror and right exterior mirror before making progress. Waiting for a safe gap in traffic on main and opposite road. Remain in 1st gear and obtain the bite point in good time to take advantage of a gap to ensure you do not hesitate. Continue to look until you can see that it is safe to proceed. Maintain eye contact with driver opposite. If your view is restricted then lean forward. If still unable to see then peep and creep to improve your zone of vision. Look into the far ground for an appropriate gap, not just at the first vehicle. Supporting comments At a Stop sign you Must stop before proceeding across the line. Never cause the traffic on the main road to brake or swerve in anyway. Never assume priority over another driver at a crossroads. If need be, when an appropriate gap is evident, EASE (not push) yourself out into the major road without making other road users brake, stop or swerve.    

Crossroads

 Turning Right When turning right you may encounter oncoming traffic also wishing to turn right. Depending on the road layout and the position of the other vehicle which, if it arrives before you, will dictate the position you will need to adopt if safe to do so. Offside to Offside Position   (Driver’s side to Driver’s side) Advantages By passing behind one another the chances of collision decrease. Better zone of vision down the main road. Disadvantages Reduces view into the road into which you are turning. Greater possibility of overshooting when turning into a narrow road. Stalemate if gaps are not left when two queues of traffic are both turning right. Due to the amount of space being taken up traffic from behind, wanting to carry straight on may be obstructed. Nearside to Nearside Position   (Passenger side to Passenger side) Advantages Good for staggered junctions or when turning into a narrow road. Normally assists the flow of traffic especially at traffic lights where there is a filter system and arrows marked on the road. Disadvantages Increases the chances of a right corner cut. Danger of collision due to crossing each others paths. Restricted zones of vision down the main road. Supporting comments      Never cause the traffic on the main road to brake or swerve in anyway. Never assume priority over another driver. Be guided by traffic filter systems and road markings.    

Roundabouts

Turning Left, follow the road ahead or turn right When you see the roundabout check into your interior mirror. Look and assess around the area of the roundabout to establish the layout. Check for other road users, including pedestrians and obstructions that could cause a hazard. Recheck the interior mirror and the appropriate exterior mirror. When required signal to warn or inform others. Only first exit to the left or right turns require a signal on approach.  On approach and on the roundabout adopt the following lane positions Left turn -       Adopt a position one metre from the kerb line or left lane. Ahead -         Adopt the most suitable lane to make the most progress Right turn -    Adopt a position one metre from the roundabout or right lane. Reduce speed and select the appropriate gear to suit the conditions. Carry out periodic checks to the right on approach and all around the roundabout. You must give way to traffic on your right that is already on the roundabout. Scan around the area of the roundabout for your exit and traffic jams. Recheck left exterior mirror before turning the steering wheel On the roundabout  Look into the roads for other vehicles joining the roundabout. Change gear when required to suit the speed changes. Exiting the roundabout Check your interior mirror and left exterior mirror. Signal left immediately after the exit prior to the one you want. Adopt a line of drive that will safely give you the shortest exit off the roundabout. Check interior mirror and right exterior mirror before accelerating in the new road. When you have to stop due to approaching traffic Stop at the give way line in 1st gear. Continue to scan around the roundabout. Wait for a safe gap in the traffic coming from the right. Supporting comments Always Adjust your approach speed to suit the road conditions. Pay attention to other road users, signs and road markings. Give way to traffic on the roundabout and coming from the right. Never Move from lane to lane unnecessarily as this may confuse. Cause the traffic on the roundabout to brake or swerve. Drive anti-clockwise unless redirected by diversion signs or the police. Mount the central part of the roundabout.    

 Mini roundabouts

Turning Left, follow the road ahead or turn right When you see the roundabout check into your interior mirror. Look and assess around the area of the roundabout to establish the layout. Check for other road users, including pedestrians and obstructions that could cause a hazard. Recheck the interior mirror and the appropriate exterior mirror. When required signal to warn or inform others. Only first exit to the left or right turns require a signal on approach. On approach to the roundabout adopt the following positions Left turn -       Adopt a position one metre from the kerb line or left lane. Ahead -         Adopt the most suitable lane to make the most progress Right turn -    Adopt a position just left of the centre line or right lane. Reduce speed and select the appropriate gear to suit the conditions. Carry out periodic checks to the right on approach and all around the roundabout. You must give way to traffic on your right that is already on the roundabout. Scan around the area of the roundabout for your exit and traffic jams. Recheck left exterior mirror before turning the steering wheel On the roundabout  Adopt a road position to suit the size and layout of the mini roundabout. Try to avoid mounting the white circle symbolising the mini roundabout. Exiting the roundabout Check the interior mirror and left exterior mirror. Signal left if required after the exit prior to the one you want. Adopt a line of drive that will safely give you the shortest exit off the roundabout. Check the interior mirror and right exterior mirror before accelerating in the new road. When you have to stop due to approaching traffic Stop at the give way line in 1st gear. Continue to scan around the roundabout. Wait for a safe gap in the traffic coming from the right. Supporting comments Always Adjust your approach speed to suit the road conditions. Pay attention to other road users, signs and road markings. Give way to traffic on the roundabout and coming from the right. Never Cause the traffic on the roundabout to brake or swerve. Drive anti-clockwise unless redirected by diversion signs or the police. Mount the central part of the roundabout.